China manufacturer High Self-Lubrication Delrin Inner Gear POM Plastic Internal Gear worm gearbox

Product Description

High self-lubrication delrin inner gear POM plastic internal gear

Description:

POM (Full-name: Polyformaldehyde), is a engineering plastics of non-side-chain, high density, high crystalline and linear polymer, which is praised “Plastic Steel”, and has comprehensive excellent performances, such as: wear-resistance, high hardness, anti-impregnant, good rigidity (Tensile modulus of elasticity), chemical stability, isolation resistance and dimensional stability. POM has widely applied in Automobile industries, electronic and electric products, commodity, pipeline & fittings, exact apparatus and so on, which can be instead of the bronze, Zinc, tin and other metals.
 
Except POM-H, is often copolymerized with ethylene oxide together, in order to avoid the melting of POM material in the high temperature. POM-H has the better performances than POM-C in its high crystalline, mechanical strength and rigidity. And POM-C has the better performances than POM-H in its low melting point, temperature stability, fluxion characteristic and machining capability.
Father more, POM-H+PTFE, which is made from the Delrin POM Resin that maxed fiber symmetrically, has the low co-efficient of frication, good lubrication, wear-resistance, non-creepage resistance.

 

Data Sheet of POM 
 

Property Item No. Unit POM-C POM-H POM-H+PTFE
Mechanical Properties 1 Density g/cm3 1.41 1.43 1.50
2  Water absorption(23ºC in air) % 0.20 0.20 0.17
3 Tensile strength MPa 68 78 55
4 Tensile strain at break % 35 35 10
5 Compressive stress(at 2%nominal strain) MPa 35 40 37
6 Charpy impact strength (unnotched) KJ/m2 ≥150 ≥200 ≥30
7  Charpy impact strength (notched) KJ/m2 7 10 3
8 Tensile modulus of elasticity MPa 3100 3600 3200
9 Ball indentation hardness N/mm2 140 160 140
  10 Rockwell hardness M84 M88 M84

Application: Motor, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Machinery, Marine, Toy, Agricultural Machinery, Car, Domestic Appliances
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Gear Position: Internal Gear
Manufacturing Method: Cut Gear
Toothed Portion Shape: Spur Gear
Material: POM/Delrin
Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

plastic gear

What are the limitations of using plastic gears in industrial settings?

Using plastic gears in industrial settings has certain limitations. Here’s a detailed explanation of these limitations:

  • Lower Load Capacity: Plastic gears generally have lower load-bearing capacities compared to metal gears. They are more susceptible to deformation and wear under heavy loads or high torque conditions. This makes them less suitable for applications that require withstanding substantial forces or transmitting high power.
  • Temperature Sensitivity: Plastic gears have temperature limitations, and their performance can be affected by temperature variations. Some plastic materials may experience dimensional changes, loss of strength, or reduced stiffness at elevated temperatures. Additionally, high temperatures can accelerate wear and reduce the lifespan of plastic gears. Therefore, plastic gears may not be suitable for applications that involve high-temperature environments or extreme temperature fluctuations.
  • Environmental Sensitivity: Plastic gears can be sensitive to certain environmental conditions. Certain plastic materials may degrade or become brittle when exposed to specific chemicals, solvents, oils, or UV radiation. This restricts their use in applications where exposure to harsh chemicals, lubricants, or outdoor elements is common.
  • Wear and Abrasion: While plastic gears can offer good wear resistance, they are generally more prone to wear and abrasion compared to metal gears. Under heavy-load or high-speed conditions, the surface of plastic gears can wear down, leading to a decrease in performance and potential failure over time. Additional measures, such as incorporating reinforcements or using lubrication, may be necessary to mitigate wear in certain applications.
  • Dimensional Stability: Plastic materials can have lower dimensional stability compared to metals. They may experience creep, shrinkage, or expansion over time, which can affect the accuracy and reliability of gear operation, particularly in applications with tight tolerances or precise gear meshing requirements.
  • Impact Resistance: Plastic gears may have limited impact resistance compared to metal gears. They can be more susceptible to damage or fracture when subjected to sudden impact or shock loads. This makes them less suitable for applications with high impact or heavy-duty requirements.
  • Compatibility with Existing Systems: In some cases, replacing metal gears with plastic gears may require modifications to the existing system. Plastic gears may have different dimensions, mounting requirements, or gear ratios compared to metal gears, necessitating design changes or adaptations to accommodate the use of plastic gears.

Despite these limitations, plastic gears can still offer significant advantages in certain industrial settings, such as reduced weight, noise reduction, and cost-effectiveness. It’s crucial to carefully evaluate the specific application requirements and consider the trade-offs between the benefits and limitations of plastic gears when deciding whether they are suitable for a particular industrial setting.

plastic gear

Are there specific design considerations for using plastic gears?

Yes, there are specific design considerations that need to be taken into account when using plastic gears. Here’s a detailed explanation of these considerations:

1. Material Selection: Choosing the right plastic material for the gear application is crucial. Different plastic materials have varying mechanical properties, such as strength, stiffness, and wear resistance. Consider factors such as load-bearing requirements, operating temperatures, environmental conditions, and compatibility with lubricants. It’s important to select a plastic material that can withstand the specific demands of the application.

2. Gear Geometry: The design of plastic gears should consider factors such as tooth profile, module or pitch, pressure angle, and tooth thickness. The gear geometry should be optimized to ensure proper meshing, efficient power transmission, and minimal noise and vibration. The design should also take into account the limitations and capabilities of the plastic material, such as its ability to form precise tooth profiles and maintain dimensional stability.

3. Clearances and Tolerances: Plastic gears may require different clearances and tolerances compared to metal gears. The coefficient of thermal expansion, dimensional stability, and manufacturing processes of plastic materials can affect the gear clearances. It’s important to consider the thermal expansion characteristics of the specific plastic material and provide appropriate clearances to accommodate temperature variations. Tight tolerances may result in binding or increased friction, while excessive clearances can lead to backlash and reduced gear accuracy.

4. Load Distribution: Distributing the load evenly across the gear teeth is essential for preventing premature wear and failure. Consider gear design elements such as tooth profile, tooth width, and the number of teeth to optimize load distribution. Reinforcing the gear teeth with fillets or other strengthening features can help improve load-bearing capacity and reduce stress concentrations.

5. Stiffness and Deflection: Plastic gears generally have lower stiffness compared to metal gears. The design should consider the potential for deflection or deformation under load. It may be necessary to increase the gear size, modify the tooth geometry, or incorporate additional support structures to enhance stiffness and minimize deflection. Analytical tools and simulations can be employed to assess and optimize gear design for stiffness and deflection.

6. Lubrication and Wear: Proper lubrication is important for the performance and durability of plastic gears. Consider the lubrication requirements of the specific plastic material and design features that facilitate effective lubricant distribution. Pay attention to potential wear mechanisms, such as adhesive wear or abrasive wear, and incorporate measures to minimize wear, such as optimized tooth profiles, lubricant selection, and sealing mechanisms.

7. Environmental Factors: Plastic gears may be subjected to various environmental factors such as temperature extremes, humidity, chemicals, and UV exposure. Evaluate the potential impact of these factors on the gear material and design. Select plastic materials that offer resistance to environmental degradation and consider protective measures, such as coatings or encapsulation, to enhance the gear’s resistance to environmental conditions.

8. Manufacturability: Consider the manufacturability of plastic gears during the design phase. Different plastic materials may have specific requirements or limitations for manufacturing processes such as injection molding or machining. Design features that facilitate efficient and cost-effective production, such as draft angles, parting lines, and tooling considerations, should be taken into account.

By considering these specific design considerations, such as material selection, gear geometry, clearances, load distribution, stiffness, lubrication, environmental factors, and manufacturability, it’s possible to optimize the design and performance of plastic gears for various applications.

plastic gear

What industries commonly use plastic gears?

Plastic gears find applications in various industries due to their unique properties and advantages. Here’s a detailed explanation of the industries that commonly use plastic gears:

  • Automotive: Plastic gears are used in automotive applications such as power windows, seat adjusters, HVAC systems, windshield wipers, and various motor-driven mechanisms. Their lightweight nature, noise reduction capabilities, and corrosion resistance make them suitable for these applications.
  • Consumer Electronics: Plastic gears are used in consumer electronics devices like printers, scanners, cameras, and audio equipment. Their lightweight construction, low noise generation, and design flexibility make them ideal for compact and noise-sensitive applications.
  • Medical: Plastic gears are utilized in medical devices and equipment such as pumps, lab instruments, diagnostic devices, and surgical equipment. Their corrosion resistance, lubricity, and ability to be sterilized make them suitable for medical environments.
  • Office Equipment: Plastic gears are commonly found in office equipment like printers, photocopiers, scanners, and shredders. Their low noise operation, lightweight construction, and cost-effectiveness make them popular choices in these applications.
  • Industrial Machinery: Plastic gears are used in various industrial machinery applications, including packaging equipment, conveyor systems, material handling equipment, and small gearboxes. Their self-lubricating properties, corrosion resistance, and noise reduction capabilities make them suitable for these industrial environments.
  • Toys and Games: Plastic gears are extensively used in toys, hobbyist models, and games. Their lightweight nature, cost-effectiveness, and ease of customization allow for the creation of intricate moving parts in these recreational products.
  • Aerospace: Plastic gears are used in certain aerospace applications, particularly in non-critical systems such as cabin equipment, small actuators, and control mechanisms. Their lightweight construction and noise reduction characteristics are advantageous in aerospace applications.
  • Telecommunications: Plastic gears find applications in telecommunications equipment such as routers, switches, and communication devices. Their lightweight design, noise reduction properties, and cost-effectiveness make them suitable for these applications.

These are just a few examples of the industries that commonly use plastic gears. The versatility, cost-effectiveness, design flexibility, and specific performance characteristics of plastic gears make them valuable components in numerous applications across various sectors.

China manufacturer High Self-Lubrication Delrin Inner Gear POM Plastic Internal Gear worm gearboxChina manufacturer High Self-Lubrication Delrin Inner Gear POM Plastic Internal Gear worm gearbox
editor by CX 2023-10-27